Dating trends past and present
After that, study of logic was taken up which dealt with the laws of reasoning and art of thinking. Lastly, came the discipline of life which was concerned with sexual purity and chastity in thought and action, including simplicity in food and dress, emphasis on equality, fraternity and independence, and respect for the teacher.
Thus, language, logic, craft, discipline and building up character formed the basics of education in early India.
The teacher took personal interest in the life of his students. Training was given in the art of war, including archery, riding, driving, and in other allied fields.
The main aim of education was the learning of the Vedas.
(Manpower Profile, India, 19 and The Hindustan Times, May 2, 1999).
The number of teachers in primary schools has increased from 1961 to 1997 by about two and a half times (from 7.4 lakh to 17.89 lakh), and in higher secondary schools by about five times (from 2.96 lakh to 15.42 lakh).
We have to wean them away from cutting classes, indulging in strikes, participating in students’ politics, seeking admission only for contesting elections and offering courses only as a part-time study course. Though it is true that the number of educational institutions and students at all levels has increased but it cannot be contented that the quality of education, the interest of students, and dedication of teachers has also increased simultaneously.
The number of pre-primary schools has gone up, during the period from 1961 to 1998, by about 21 times (from 1,909 to 40,553), of primary schools has almost doubled (from 3.3 lakhs to 6.107 lakhs), of middle/senior schools has increased by little more than three and a half times (from 49,663 to 1.85 lakh), of higher secondary schools by about six times (from 17,257 to 107,100) and of universities (including deemed universities) by about five times (from 45 to 228).