Israel and headstones dating from 1096 to 1105 ce
She watched her seven sons die in the space of a single day, yet she bore it bravely because she put her trust in the Lord."The Talmud tells a similar story, but with the refusal to worship an idol replacing the refusal to eat pork.
Tractate Gittin 57b cites Rabbi Judah saying that "this refers to the woman and her seven sons" and the unnamed king is referred to as the "Emperor" and "Caesar".
The principle of Servitus Judaeorum (Servitude of the Jews) is established: the Jews cannot testify against Christians.
The emperor becomes an arbiter in internal Jewish matters.
The Northern Kingdom of Israel was conquered by the Neo-Assyrian Empire.175 BCE–165 BCE: The Deuterocanonical First and Second Books of the Maccabees record that Antiochus IV Epiphanes attempts to erect a statue of Zeus in Jerusalem.
The festival of Hanukkah commemorates the uprising of the Maccabees against this attempt.124 BCE: The woman with seven sons was a Jewish martyr, described in 2 Maccabees 7 (2 Maccabees was written c. Although unnamed in 2 Maccabees, she is known variously as Hannah, 2 Maccabees states that shortly before the revolt of Judas Maccabeus (2 Maccabees 8), Antiochus IV Epiphanes arrested a mother and her seven sons, and tried to force them to eat pork.
His record is largely sympathetic to the Roman point of view and it was written in Rome under Roman protection; hence it is considered a controversial source.
Josephus describes the Jewish revolt as being led by "tyrants," to the detriment of the city, and he describes Titus as having "moderation" in his escalation of the Siege of Jerusalem (70).
The Christian Church separates the calculation of the date of Easter from the Jewish Passover: "It was ... who, after having compassed the death of the Lord, being out of their minds, are guided not by sound reason, but by an unrestrained passion, wherever their innate madness carries them. Ambrose of Milan insists in his letter that the whole case be dropped.
For events specifically pertaining to the expulsion of Jews, see Jewish refugees.
740 BCE: The Assyrian captivity (or the Assyrian exile) is the period in the history of Ancient Israel and Judah during which several thousand Israelites of ancient Samaria were resettled as captives by Assyria.
The anti-Jewish statutes also apply to the Samaritans.
The Code is also accepted by Western Roman Emperor, Valentinian III.529–559: Byzantine Emperor Justinian the Great publishes Corpus Juris Civilis. These regulations determined the status of Jews throughout the Empire for hundreds of years: Jewish civil rights restricted: "they shall enjoy no honors".