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For example, Wentzel (2003) carried out a longitudinal study of the effect of sociometric status on academic achievement and adjustment at school.It was found that sociometric status has a significant effect on such measures as irresponsibility and classroom grades.For example, Scaglioni, Salvioni and Galimberti (2008) found that parental attitudes about food had a significant impact on their children’s attitudes toward food.
This gender-specific influential relationship can be compared to the strong gender-specific role model effect predicted by social learning theory.
It was found that children who observed a adult role model acting physically and verbally violent to a ‘Bobo’ doll were significantly more likely to also act violent toward the doll.
Furthermore, it was found that boys were more likely to act violently after observing male adult models than female adult models and would engage in more violent acts that girls.
Parenting styles have been classified into four different categories (Maccoby and Martin, 1983; Baumrind, 1991): authoritative, authoritarian, permissive and neglectful.
Authoritative parents are demanding, but not restrictive and are highly involved with their child.